Policy Research Institute - PRI Bangladesh

The Policy Research Institute of Bangladesh (PRI) is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of the Bangladesh economy, its key policy challenges, domestically, and in a rapidly integrating global marketplace.

Dr. Binayak Sen

Short Bio of Dr. Binayak Sen

Binayak Sen is a Research Director at the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. He did his MA in Economics from the Moscow State University and his PhD in Economics from the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He has been a senior economist in the South Asia Region of the World Bank and a Visiting Research Fellow at the Research Administration Department of the World Bank. He has served as a consultant for the Asian Development Bank, UN-ESCAP, UNDP and the WHO. He has taught economic development courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels at North South University, BRAC University, Dhaka University and National University. Dr. Sen has a proven track record of expertise in the areas of poverty analysis, human development and governance. He has written and published extensively in these and related areas.

Binayak Sen (b. 1958)

Email : binayak71@yahoo.combsen@sdnbd.org

Work Experience

Binayak Sen is currently a Research Director at the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. During 2004-2009, he was on leave from the institute and worked as a Senior Economist at the World Bank in Washington, D.C.

He has been a Visiting Research Fellow at the Research Administration Department of the World Bank in 1992. Besides, he has extensive international consulting experience working for organizations such as the Asian Development Bank, UN-ESCAP, UNDP, and WHO.

Mr. Sen was also involved in teaching of various economic development courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels in the past, including North-South University (2002-2004), BRAC University (2004), Dhaka University (1999), and National University (1998-2001).

Education

He has received MA in economics from Moscow State University in 1982 with specialization on  “History of Economic Thought”. His MA Thesis paper was “Debates on Economic Planning in India”. Subsequently, he received a PhD in economics from Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1985. His Ph.D Thesis was on “Agriculture in the System of Social Reproduction in Bangladesh”.

He has received extensive training through various short duration courses on economic issues, STATA-based econometrics, and impact evaluation provided by the World Bank, including a successful completion of Harvard Senior Executive Training Program on economic development conducted by the Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University in May 2009.

Experience in National Economic Policy Making

As development practitioner Mr. Sen has served on a number of national committees, including Public Expenditure Review Commission (2002-4), Macroeconomic Consultative Committee to the Ministry of Finance (1997-2001), Task Force on Reorganizing the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (1996), and played an important role in thepreparation of I-PRSP for Bangladesh (2001-3). He also led the Bangladesh Human Development Report carried out jointly with the Bangladesh Planning Commission and UNDP (2001).

Experience in Institutional Development

Mr. Sen was a Founding Member of the Governing Body of Social Development Foundation–an independent executing agency set up with the assistance of the World Bank and Govt. of Bangladesh to support social development activities during 2000-2004.

He also served as a Member of the International Steering Committee of the South Asia Network of Economic Institutes (SANEI)—a Regional Network Supported by the Global Development Network (GDN) during 1998-2001.

Publications

Mr. Sen has written extensively on the Bangladesh development issues in the past and in recent years, increasingly on countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and India. He has task managed and/or contributed chapters to several recent World Bank analytical reports such as Jharkhand Development Report (2007), Growth and Development in Lagging Regions of India (2007), Sri Lanka Lagging Regions Report (2009), and Pakistan Poverty Assessment (2009).

He has worked with a distinguished group of academics, and has produced a number of interesting publications in peer-reviewed academic journals and/ or contributed chapters to several books in the area of poverty analysis, human development, growth economics, labor market and regional inequality issues.  He is interested in mix-methods and multidisciplinary research in the broad area of development and keen in working with diverse disciplinary backgrounds and approaches. A few of his key publications are given below:

  • “Maternal Health, Child Well-Being and Chronic Poverty: Does Women’s Agency Matter?” The Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. XXXII, No. 4, December 2009 (with Sharifa Begum).
  • “Spatial Inequality in Social Progress in Bangladesh”, The Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. XXXII, No. 2, June 2009 (with Zulfiqar Ali).
  • “Human Capital, Urbanization, and Ethnicity: Analysis of Regional Inequality in Sri Lanka” in Essays in Honor of Azizur Rahman Khan (Eds. Rizwanul Islam, Anirban Das and Lopamudra Banerjee), Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 (forthcoming).
  • Moving out of Poverty in India: The Promise of Democracy (Ed. Deepa Narayan), Palgrave Macmillan and World Bank, 2009. Co-authored three chapters of the Book: “Overview” (written with K. Hall and Deepa Narayan), Chapter on West Bengal (“Politics of Middle Path: Agrarian Reform and Poverty Dynamics” written with Klaus Deininger and Deepa Narayan), and Chapter on Assam (“Who Benefits from Conflict” written with Ashutosh Varshney).
  • “Explaining Pro-Poor Growth in Bangladesh: Puzzles, Evidence, and Implications” in Timothy Besley and Louise J. Cord (eds.), Delivering on the Promise of Pro-Poor GrowthPalgrave Macmillan and World Bank, 2007, pp. 79-118 (with Mustafa K. Mujeri and Quazi Shahabuddin).

 

  • Chronic Poverty in Bangladesh: Tales of Ascent, Descent, Marginality and Persistence. The State of Poorest 2005/2006, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) and Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), University of Manchester, Dhaka, 2006 (co-Ed. with David Hulme).
  • “The Structure and Distribution of Personal Income and Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of Bangladesh during the 1990s” in James K. Boyce et al (eds.), Human Development in the Era of Globalization. Essays in Honor of Keith B. GriffinEdward Elgar, 2006, pp. 301-324 (with A.R. Khan).
  • “Economic Growth in Bangladesh, 1970-2000”in Kirit Parikh (ed.), Explaining Economic Growth in South Asia,Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2006 (with Mustafa K. Mujeri).
  • “Pulling Rickshaws in Dhaka City: A Way out of Poverty?” Environment and Urbanization, 2005, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 11-25 (with Sharifa Begum); also included in Contemporary Readings in Globalization (Ed. Scott R. Sernau), Chapter 8, pp. 43-59, Pine Forge Press (A Sage Publications Company), California, 2008.
  • “Drivers of Escape and Descent: Changing Household Fortunes in Rural Bangladesh”, World Development, Vol. 31, No. 3, March 2003, pp. 513-534.
  • “Markets and Long-Term Economic Growth in South Asia 1950-97” in Isher Judge Ahluwalia and John Williamson (eds.), The South Asian Experience with GrowthOxford University Press, New Delhi, January 2003, pp. 146-218 (with Suresh Tendulker).
  • The Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction: the Case Study of Bangladesh, Asia-Pacific Regional Programme on Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction, UNDP, Kathmandu/ Dhaka, September 2003, 124p (with Siddiq Osmani, Wahiduddin Mahmud and others).
  • “Causes of Fertility Decline in India and Bangladesh: The Role of Community”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 37, No. 43, October 26, 2002 (Mahendra Dev and K.S. James).
  • “Inequality and Its Sources in Bangladesh: 1991/92 to 1995/96. An Analysis Based on Household Expenditure Surveys”, Bangladesh Development Studies, March 2001 (with Azizur Rahman Khan).
  • “Rethinking Anti-Poverty” in Changes and Challenges. A Review of Bangladesh's Development 2000, Centre for Policy Dialogue and University Press Ltd, Dhaka, 2001, pp. 115-160.
  • “Growth and Distribution of Rural Income in Bangladesh”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 35, December 2000, pp. 43-61 (with Mahabub Hossain and Hossain Zillur Rahman).
  • “Growth, Poverty and Human Development” in Rounaq Jahan (ed.), Bangladesh: Promise and Performance,University Press Ltd, Dhaka, 2000 (also published from the Zed Press, London).
  • Methodology for Identifying the Poorest at Local Level, Technical Paper No. 27, "Macroeconomics, Health and Development" Series, World Health Organization, Geneva, February 1998 (with Sharifa Begum).
  • "Health and Poverty in Bangladesh", World HealthNo. 5, September-October 1997, pp. 28-29 (with S. Acharya).
  • “Changes in Poverty in a Cross-section of Countries" in Abu Abdullah and Azizur Rahman Khan (Ed.), State, Market and Development. Essays in Honour of Rehman Sobhan, University Press Ltd, Dhaka and Sage Publications, Delhi 1996, pp. 255-285.
  • Social Dimensions of Adjustment. World Bank Experience, 1980-93, World Bank Operations Evaluation Study, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 1996 (with Carl Jayarajah and William Branson).
  • "Rural Non-farm Sector in Bangladesh: Stagnating and Residual, or Dynamic and Potential?", Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 24, Nos. 3&4, September-December 1996, pp.143-180.
  • "When Method Matters: Monitoring Poverty in Bangladesh", Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 44, No. 4, July 1996, pp. 761-792 (with Martin Ravallion).
  • Poverty, Inequality and Growth, ESP Discussion Paper Series No. 70, Education and Social Policy Department, World Bank, Washington, D.C., June 1995 (with Lionel Demery and Tara Vishwanath).
  • "Rural Poverty Trends, 1963/64 to 1989/90" In: Hossain Zillur Rahman and Mahabub Hossain (Ed.), Rethinking Rural Poverty: Bangladesh as a Case Study, SAGE Publications: New Delhi/Thousand Oaks/London, 1995, Chapter 3, pp. 39-56.
  • "Urban Poverty in Bangladesh: Trends, Determinants and Policy Issues", Asian Development ReviewVol. 12, No. 1, January 1994, pp. 1-31 (with Wahiduddin Mahmud and others).
  • "Impacts on Rural Poverty of Land-contingent Targeting: Some Further Results for Bangladesh", World Development, Vol. 22, No. 6, June 1994, pp. 823-838 (with Martin Ravallion).
  •  
  • "Rural Poverty in Bangladesh: Trends and Determinants", Asian Development ReviewVol. 10, No. 1, January 1992, pp. 1-34 (with Mahabub Hossain).
  • "Industrial Entrepreneurship in Bengal". In: Sirajul Islam (Ed.), History of Bangladesh, Vol.2 (Economic History), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1992, pp. 428-485.
  • "Privatization in Bangladesh: Process, Dynamics and Implications". In: V. Kanesalingam (Ed.), Privatization Trends and Experiences in South Asia, Macmillan India Ltd., India, New Delhi, 1991.
  • "Trends in the Repayment Performance to the DFIs: Implications for the Development of Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh", Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 17, No. 3, September 1989, pp. 21-66 (with Rehman Sobhan).
  • Moneylenders and Informal Financial Markets: Insights from Haor Areas of Rural Bangladesh, Research Report No. 100, BIDS, Dhaka, 1989.
  • The Social Background of Entrepreneurship: An Occupational Profile of Borrowers from the DFIs,Research Report No. 71, BIDS, Dhaka, 1989 (with Rehman Sobhan). (Also included in: Rehman Sobhan (ed.), Debt Default to the Development Finance Institutions: The Crisis of State-sponsored Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh, University Press Ltd, Dhaka, 1991, Chapter 2, pp. 10-68).

Other Professional Activities

Mr. Sen acts as a regular peer reviewer for the following journals: Journal of Development Studies, World Development.

He is also serving as a member of the Editorial BoardJournal of Theoretical Perspectives--a refereed journal of social sciences and arts, Dhaka University, Dhaka since 1996.

He was a former Editor of the Bangladesh Unnuyan Shamikhya during 1989-1993—a BIDS Annual Research Journal in Bangla published for wider dissemination.

Work Experience

Binayak Sen is currently a Research Director at the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. During 2004-2009, he was on leave from the institute and worked as a Senior Economist at the World Bank in Washington, D.C.

He has been a Visiting Research Fellow at the Research Administration Department of the World Bank in 1992. Besides, he has extensive international consulting experience working for organizations such as the Asian Development Bank, UN-ESCAP, UNDP, and WHO.

Mr. Sen was also involved in teaching of various economic development courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels in the past, including North-South University (2002-2004), BRAC University (2004), Dhaka University (1999), and National University (1998-2001).

Education

He has received MA in economics from Moscow State University in 1982 with specialization on  “History of Economic Thought”. His MA Thesis paper was “Debates on Economic Planning in India”. Subsequently, he received a PhD in economics from Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1985. His Ph.D Thesis was on “Agriculture in the System of Social Reproduction in Bangladesh”.

He has received extensive training through various short duration courses on economic issues, STATA-based econometrics, and impact evaluation provided by the World Bank, including a successful completion of Harvard Senior Executive Training Program on economic development conducted by the Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University in May 2009.

Experience in National Economic Policy Making

As development practitioner Mr. Sen has served on a number of national committees, including Public Expenditure Review Commission (2002-4), Macroeconomic Consultative Committee to the Ministry of Finance (1997-2001), Task Force on Reorganizing the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (1996), and played an important role in thepreparation of I-PRSP for Bangladesh (2001-3). He also led the Bangladesh Human Development Report carried out jointly with the Bangladesh Planning Commission and UNDP (2001).

Experience in Institutional Development

Mr. Sen was a Founding Member of the Governing Body of Social Development Foundation–an independent executing agency set up with the assistance of the World Bank and Govt. of Bangladesh to support social development activities during 2000-2004.

He also served as a Member of the International Steering Committee of the South Asia Network of Economic Institutes (SANEI)—a Regional Network Supported by the Global Development Network (GDN) during 1998-2001.

Publications

Mr. Sen has written extensively on the Bangladesh development issues in the past and in recent years, increasingly on countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and India. He has task managed and/or contributed chapters to several recent World Bank analytical reports such as Jharkhand Development Report (2007), Growth and Development in Lagging Regions of India (2007), Sri Lanka Lagging Regions Report (2009), and Pakistan Poverty Assessment (2009).

He has worked with a distinguished group of academics, and has produced a number of interesting publications in peer-reviewed academic journals and/ or contributed chapters to several books in the area of poverty analysis, human development, growth economics, labor market and regional inequality issues.  He is interested in mix-methods and multidisciplinary research in the broad area of development and keen in working with diverse disciplinary backgrounds and approaches. A few of his key publications are given below:

 

  • “Maternal Health, Child Well-Being and Chronic Poverty: Does Women’s Agency Matter?” The Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. XXXII, No. 4, December 2009 (with Sharifa Begum).

 

  • “Spatial Inequality in Social Progress in Bangladesh”, The Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. XXXII, No. 2, June 2009 (with Zulfiqar Ali).

 

  • “Human Capital, Urbanization, and Ethnicity: Analysis of Regional Inequality in Sri Lanka” in Essays in Honor of Azizur Rahman Khan (Eds. Rizwanul Islam, Anirban Das and Lopamudra Banerjee), Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 (forthcoming).

 

  • Moving out of Poverty in India: The Promise of Democracy (Ed. Deepa Narayan), Palgrave Macmillan and World Bank, 2009. Co-authored three chapters of the Book: “Overview” (written with K. Hall and Deepa Narayan), Chapter on West Bengal (“Politics of Middle Path: Agrarian Reform and Poverty Dynamics” written with Klaus Deininger and Deepa Narayan), and Chapter on Assam (“Who Benefits from Conflict” written with Ashutosh Varshney).

 

  • “Explaining Pro-Poor Growth in Bangladesh: Puzzles, Evidence, and Implications” in Timothy Besley and Louise J. Cord (eds.), Delivering on the Promise of Pro-Poor GrowthPalgrave Macmillan and World Bank, 2007, pp. 79-118 (with Mustafa K. Mujeri and Quazi Shahabuddin).

 

·         Chronic Poverty in Bangladesh: Tales of Ascent, Descent, Marginality and Persistence. The State of Poorest 2005/2006, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) and Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), University of Manchester, Dhaka, 2006 (co-Ed. with David Hulme).

 

·         “The Structure and Distribution of Personal Income and Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of Bangladesh during the 1990s” in James K. Boyce et al (eds.), Human Development in the Era of Globalization. Essays in Honor of Keith B. GriffinEdward Elgar, 2006, pp. 301-324 (with A.R. Khan).

 

·         “Economic Growth in Bangladesh, 1970-2000”in Kirit Parikh (ed.), Explaining Economic Growth in South Asia,Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2006 (with Mustafa K. Mujeri).

 

·         “Pulling Rickshaws in Dhaka City: A Way out of Poverty?” Environment and Urbanization, 2005, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 11-25 (with Sharifa Begum); also included in Contemporary Readings in Globalization (Ed. Scott R. Sernau), Chapter 8, pp. 43-59, Pine Forge Press (A Sage Publications Company), California, 2008.

 

·         “Drivers of Escape and Descent: Changing Household Fortunes in Rural Bangladesh”, World Development, Vol. 31, No. 3, March 2003, pp. 513-534.

 

·         “Markets and Long-Term Economic Growth in South Asia 1950-97” in Isher Judge Ahluwalia and John Williamson (eds.), The South Asian Experience with GrowthOxford University Press, New Delhi, January 2003, pp. 146-218 (with Suresh Tendulker).

 

·         The Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction: the Case Study of Bangladesh, Asia-Pacific Regional Programme on Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction, UNDP, Kathmandu/ Dhaka, September 2003, 124p (with Siddiq Osmani, Wahiduddin Mahmud and others).

 

·         “Causes of Fertility Decline in India and Bangladesh: The Role of Community”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 37, No. 43, October 26, 2002 (Mahendra Dev and K.S. James).

 

·         “Inequality and Its Sources in Bangladesh: 1991/92 to 1995/96. An Analysis Based on Household Expenditure Surveys”, Bangladesh Development Studies, March 2001 (with Azizur Rahman Khan).

 

·         “Rethinking Anti-Poverty” in Changes and Challenges. A Review of Bangladesh's Development 2000, Centre for Policy Dialogue and University Press Ltd, Dhaka, 2001, pp. 115-160.

 

·         “Growth and Distribution of Rural Income in Bangladesh”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 35, December 2000, pp. 43-61 (with Mahabub Hossain and Hossain Zillur Rahman).

 

·          “Growth, Poverty and Human Development” in Rounaq Jahan (ed.), Bangladesh: Promise and Performance,University Press Ltd, Dhaka, 2000 (also published from the Zed Press, London).

 

·         Methodology for Identifying the Poorest at Local Level, Technical Paper No. 27, "Macroeconomics, Health and Development" Series, World Health Organization, Geneva, February 1998 (with Sharifa Begum).

 

·         "Health and Poverty in Bangladesh", World HealthNo. 5, September-October 1997, pp. 28-29 (with S. Acharya).

 

·         “Changes in Poverty in a Cross-section of Countries" in Abu Abdullah and Azizur Rahman Khan (Ed.), State, Market and Development. Essays in Honour of Rehman Sobhan, University Press Ltd, Dhaka and Sage Publications, Delhi1996, pp. 255-285.

 

·         Social Dimensions of Adjustment. World Bank Experience, 1980-93, World Bank Operations Evaluation Study, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 1996 (with Carl Jayarajah and William Branson).

 

·         "Rural Non-farm Sector in Bangladesh: Stagnating and Residual, or Dynamic and Potential?", Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 24, Nos. 3&4, September-December 1996, pp.143-180.

 

·         "When Method Matters: Monitoring Poverty in Bangladesh", Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 44, No. 4, July 1996, pp. 761-792 (with Martin Ravallion).

 

·         Poverty, Inequality and Growth, ESP Discussion Paper Series No. 70, Education and Social Policy Department, World Bank, Washington, D.C., June 1995 (with Lionel Demery and Tara Vishwanath).

 

·         "Rural Poverty Trends, 1963/64 to 1989/90" In: Hossain Zillur Rahman and Mahabub Hossain (Ed.), Rethinking Rural Poverty: Bangladesh as a Case Study, SAGE Publications: New Delhi/Thousand Oaks/London, 1995, Chapter 3, pp. 39-56.

 

·         "Urban Poverty in Bangladesh: Trends, Determinants and Policy Issues", Asian Development ReviewVol. 12, No. 1, January 1994, pp. 1-31 (with Wahiduddin Mahmud and others).

 

·         "Impacts on Rural Poverty of Land-contingent Targeting: Some Further Results for Bangladesh", World Development, Vol. 22, No. 6, June 1994, pp. 823-838 (with Martin Ravallion).

 

·         "Rural Poverty in Bangladesh: Trends and Determinants", Asian Development ReviewVol. 10, No. 1, January 1992, pp. 1-34 (with Mahabub Hossain).

 

·         "Industrial Entrepreneurship in Bengal". In: Sirajul Islam (Ed.), History of Bangladesh, Vol.2 (Economic History), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1992, pp. 428-485.

 

·         "Privatization in Bangladesh: Process, Dynamics and Implications". In: V. Kanesalingam (Ed.), Privatization Trends and Experiences in South Asia, Macmillan India Ltd., India, New Delhi, 1991.

 

·         "Trends in the Repayment Performance to the DFIs: Implications for the Development of Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh", Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 17, No. 3, September 1989, pp. 21-66 (with Rehman Sobhan).

 

·         Moneylenders and Informal Financial Markets: Insights from Haor Areas of Rural Bangladesh, Research Report No. 100, BIDS, Dhaka, 1989.

 

·         The Social Background of Entrepreneurship: An Occupational Profile of Borrowers from the DFIs,Research Report No. 71, BIDS, Dhaka, 1989 (with Rehman Sobhan). (Also included in: Rehman Sobhan (ed.), Debt Default to the Development Finance Institutions: The Crisis of State-sponsored Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh, University Press Ltd, Dhaka, 1991, Chapter 2, pp. 10-68).

Other Professional Activities

Mr. Sen acts as a regular peer reviewer for the following journals: Journal of Development Studies, World Development.

He is also serving as a member of the Editorial BoardJournal of Theoretical Perspectives--a refereed journal of social sciences and arts, Dhaka University, Dhaka since 1996.

He was a former Editor of the Bangladesh Unnuyan Shamikhya during 1989-1993—a BIDS Annual Research Journal in Bangla published for wider dissemination.

Speech